Bioscience Biotechnology Research Communications

An Open Access International Journal

P-ISSN: 0974-6455 E-ISSN: 2321-4007

Bioscience Biotechnology Research Communications

An Open Access International Journal

Gaurav Dubey1,  Aysworya Mohapatra2*, Jamshed Ali3, Mahesh Chandra4,Jitendra Singh5,
Nitesh Pradhan6,Md Masihhuzzaman7,Neha Dubey8 and Ragni Kumari9

1Department of Optometry, Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, UPUMS, Saifai Etawah.

2College of Optometry, Laxmi Charitable Trust, and Laxmi Panvel, Navi Mumbai.

3Department of Optometry, College of Allied Health Sciences, IIMT University Meerut India.

4Department of Ophthalmology, Dr. Sushila Tewari Hospital and Govt. Medical College, Haldwani, Uttarakhand, India

5Indra Gandhi Eye Hospital and Research Centre, Gurugram, Haryana

6Department of Ophthalmology, Maharishi Markandeshwar Institute of Medical Science and Research, Mullana, Ambala.

7Department of Optometry, Amity Medical School, Haryana

8 Department of Physiotherapy,Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, UPUMS, Saifai, Etawah

9Ph. D. Scholar, Amity Institute of Public Health, Amity University, Noida

Correponding author ermail:

Article Publishing History

Received: 15/05/2021

Accepted After Revision: 20/07/2021


Dry eye is a multifactorial disease of the tears and ocular surface that results in symptoms of discomfort, visual disturbance, and tear film instability with potential damage to the ocular surface. Dry eye disease is caused by many factors that result in inflammation of the eye and the tear-producing glands, a disorder of the tear film due to tear deficiency, or excessive tear evaporation, which causes damage to the interpalpebral ocular surface. The database was collected from PubMed, PubMed Central (PMC), Cochrane library, Google scholar, and research gate. Recently, data from many studies have accumulated which show that dry eye is a lifestyle disease, it is becoming possible to prevent the onset by intervening with the daily habits, diet, exercise, and sleep. Future research will be needed to link clinical findings to the molecular biological findings in the tear film.


Dry Eye, Schirmer’s Test, Tear Film, Visual Discomfort, Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca ( KCS)

Download this article as:

Copy the following to cite this article:

Copy the following to cite this URL: