Bioscience Biotechnology Research Communications

An Open Access International Journal

P-ISSN: 0974-6455 E-ISSN: 2321-4007

Bioscience Biotechnology Research Communications

An Open Access International Journal

Neha Rastogi1*,  Ajeet Saharan2,  Ramakant Yadav3Manisha Saharan4,
Gowrishankar Potturi5, Maliram Sharma6  and Dharamchand Jain7

1Department of physiotherapy, Jaipur Physiotherapy College, MVG University, Jaipur.

2 Department of physiotherapy, Jaipur Physiotherapy College, MVG University, Jaipur

3* Department of Neurology, UPUMS, Saifai, Etawah.

4, 6PhD Scholar,Jaipur Physiotherapy College, MVG University, Jaipur.

5 Department of Physiotherapy, UPMS, Saifai, Etawah

7 Department of Orthopedics, Jaipur Physiotherapy College, MVGUniversity, Jaipur.

Corresponding author email: physioneha05@gmail.com

Article Publishing History

Received: 15/05/2021

Accepted After Revision: 18/07/2021

ABSTRACT:

Stroke is a rapidly increasing clinical manifestation of a focal impairment of cerebral function that lasts longer than 24 hours with no apparent cause other than the vascular origin. Due to the advancement in science and art of medical technology, hospitalization of the patient has reduced from weeks to days. Though patient is discharged, home rehabilitation is vital for attaining complete functional abilities. This study focuses on efficacy of Home-Based Exercise Regime over Verbal Exercise Prescription on Adherence Levels to Home exercises and Functional ability among Stroke Survivors.Patients admitted directly or discharged from the hospital within the last 1-6 months and who meet the inclusion criteria were included in the study after written informed consent. Patients were divided into Group A (Control) who received a home-based exercise program with verbal instructions for 1 hour/day, and Group B (Experimental) receivea bilingual pictorial exercise program brochure to be completed at home for 1 hour/day. Both groups receive a patient self-report scale, which must be completed and carefully filled out at home, under the direct supervision of the caretaker. The Barthel Index scale was used to determine functional abilities of daily living. The median of differences between pre-test and post-test Barthel Index in Group A is 3, and that of group B is 4. With’t’ value 3.11, the test is significant at p<0.05, indicating group B have improved scores than group A which are statistically significant. The median of the patient self-report scale of Group A is 104.5, and that of Group B are 120, with t value 2.81. The test is significant at p<0.05. Group B showed a significant increase in exercise adherence levels than group A. The results of this study indicate that an illustrated home exercise programme motivates and increases adherence to home exercises, thereby improving functional abilities in stroke survivors more than verbal exercise prescriptions.

KEYWORDS:

Physiotherapy, Rehabilitation, Home-Based Exercise Programme, Stroke

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