Jan 03, 2020 0 comment

An Updated Review on the Spiders of Order Araneae from the Districts of Western Ghats of India

Misal PK,*1 Bendre NN,2 Pawar PA,3 Bhoite SH4and Deshpande VY5

1,2,3,4,5Department of Zoology, Yashvantrao Chavan Institute of Science, Satara.

1,2,3,4,5Drongo-Nisarga Sanshodhan, Sanvardhanaani Sanrakshan Sanstha.,Satara.

Corresponding author email:pkmspider@gmail.com


Received: 05/10/2020

Accepted: 25/11/2020

ABSTRACT:Spiders belonging to order araneae are one of the biggest groups of  predaceous organisms  in the animal kingdom. Along with their diverse structure, they are popular for their tough silk and spider venom which is of pharmaceutical importance.Also they are playing a major role in lower food web in the ecosystem to maintain the ecological equilibrium and are  one of the best bioindicators of natural ecosysytems. Now a days ,  due to the habitat destruction caused by natural calamities and anthropogenic activities ,the number of spiders species are found to be declined, as a result number of species of spiders are getting extinct before they are explored. One of the major hotspots of biodiversity of India is Western Ghats, known for their high species diversity. Taking  into account the importance of spiders as bioindicators of environment, the present  article  was aimed  to review on Araneae diversity from Satara Sangli and Kolhapur districts lying in the Northern Western Ghat regions of Maharashtra, India . This study shall  help to record the number of species found in this regions. This review provides a checklist of total 27 families of 101 genera representing 178 species along with some new species recorded with special reference to their behaviour, habitat and variations among them. The review mainly provides a baseline information for the future study on diversity of spiders.From this review it is concluded that Northern Western Ghats being one of the biggest hotspots of diversity  have a large  number of spiders species, which  are very  less as compared to the spider diversity of India as suggested by the world catalogue of spiders, suggesting for  an urgent need to explore further the areneae  diversity in order to maintain the ecological equilibrium and the products obtained from them.

KEYWORDS:Arachnida, Araneae, Spider, Biodiversity, Western Ghats.